Rarely has an election been wrought with as much controversy as the 2016 US presidential race. Everyone – from Hollywood celebrities to elected officials and ordinary citizens – has an opinion about this one.
Well the suspense ends today as voters go to the polls to elect either Democrat Hillary Clinton or Republican Donald Trump as the 45th president of the United States. With heated debates surrounding both candidates, there is a risk that the results will be just as divisive as they are decisive.
How are the US president and vice president elected? In a nutshell, they are elected indirectly through the Electoral College. When voters go to the polls, they don’t directly elect the president or the vice president; instead, they choose electors who pledge to vote for specific candidates. The number of electors in each state is equal to the number of members of Congress to which the state is entitled. The president and the vice president are elected to a four-year term. They can be reelected once for a second four-year term. The president must be born on US soil. If the President is unable to perform their duties, the Vice President is next in line to take over, followed by the Speaker of the House, the President pro tempore of the Senate, and the Secretary of State.
For those who wish to follow the election, here are some helpful links for real-time results and analysis:
The Wall Street Journal: http://www.wsj.com/livecoverage/2016-election-day-results-live-analysis